Coal gasification removes impurities from coal and enables the U.S. to use its unrivalled coal reserves — the world’s largest — in an environmentally responsible way.
Process Emissions As coal is gasified, impurities in the gas stream such as heavy metals and mercury can be scrubbed out with relative ease. Post gasification treatment of the resulting gas removes virtually all of the particulate matter and any residual metals.
Greenhouse Gas Reduction The coal gasification process can also reduce greenhouse gas emissions suspected of contributing to climate change. Because coal gasification reduces the cost and energy required to remove carbon, it can be more easily captured for use in enhanced oil and coal bed methane recovery or for safe storage deep underground.
Clean Byproducts The gasification process also produces valuable by-products. For instance, elemental sulfur has industrial uses while other materials would be treated and contained as in any modern coal fueled power station.
Coal Mining Oversight Supplies of additional coal for feedstock will be mined domestically under the most comprehensive environmental and safety laws in the world. Coal mining operations are subject to the following federal environmental and safety laws:
- National Environmental Policy Act
- Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act
- Clean Water Act
- Clean Air Act
- Endangered Species Act
- Safe Drinking Water Act
- Mine Safety and Health Act
- National Historic Preservation Act
- Toxic Substances Control Act
- Migratory Bird Treaty Act
- BLM and Forest Service Regulations
- Wilderness Act